How long is an eye exam? 

Eye exams typically last between 30-90 minutes depending on the purpose of your visit. A technician will check your vision, eye pressure, and take basic measurements and pictures to evaluate the health of the eye. Dr. Gupta will then review the findings with you and discuss the next appropriate steps to maintain your eye health.


What is dilation?

Dilation is when drops are instilled into the eyes so the back of the eye can be examined. It can last 4-6 hours depending on your age. During this time your vision will be blurry, more so for reading, but distance vision may be slightly blurry as well. You will be more sensitive to light/sun during this time.



What is a cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens in the eye. It is a normal part of aging. Certain medications or medical conditions may cause early cataracts such as steroid medications and diabetes. Cataracts cause blurry vision as well as glare and difficulty with nighttime vision. As cataracts grow they can change the prescription in your eyes. 

What is cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery is performed when the cataract grows to a point where it starts to interfere with your vision. This determination is different for each person. During cataract surgery, the cataract is removed and replaced with a new artificial lens.

Is cataract surgery covered by insurance?

Basic cataract surgery (manual surgery using hand-held blades) IS covered by Medicare and commercial insurance plans. LASER cataract surgery is NOT covered by Medicare and supplemental/commercial insurance plans. 

What is LASER cataract surgery?

Laser cataract surgery uses 3D guided technology to perform premium/precise surgery that corrects most levels of astigmatism and allows for more efficient removal of the cataract with less inflammation. Each treatment is customized to the eye having surgery. 

What is an artificial lens?

After the cataract is removed, an artificial lens is placed within the eye. It is made of acrylic plastic and does NOT degrade or need to be replaced over time. The basic lens is a MONOFOCAL lens optimized for clear distance vision but you WILL need glasses for everything within arm's length. The basic lens IS covered by Medicare and commercial insurance plans.

What is a premium lens?

There are two main types of premium lens options: TORIC and MULTIFOCAL lenses. Toric lenses are monofocal lenses (like the basic lens) that correct higher levels of astigmatism. Multifocal lenses are appropriate for otherwise healthy eyes (no signs of glaucoma or retinal diseases) and provide a wide range of vision including distance, intermediate, and near vision. These lenses are NOT covered by Medicare and supplemental/commercial plans.



What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a hereditary disease of the optic nerve characterized by progressive optic nerve thinning that results in permanent vision loss. It is most commonly associated with high eye pressure, but can still occur in eyes with normal pressures.

Is glaucoma treatable?

Yes. The goal of treatment is to lower the pressure in the eye (regardless of whether or not it was ever too high) using eye drops, in office laser treatments, and/or dissolvable implants. If medical treatments fail, surgery may be required to prevent progression. If left untreated, vision loss may progress to the point of blindness. With early diagnosis and regular follow up, glaucoma can be managed and maintained. 



What are common symptoms of dry eye?

"Dry eye" is a term that is often used and can actually be very diverse. Certain medical conditions such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens syndrome, and thyroid eye disease can cause dry eye, in which case treatment is aimed at the whole body in addition to the eye. Dry eye can also be a result of various environmental factors like eye strain, allergies, and forced air. Difficulty focusing and a feeling like you need to blink a lot can often suggest eye strain as a cause of "dry eye". 

How is dry eye treated?

Identifying the main cause of dry eye is crucial to successful treatment. While artificial tear drops can help treat symptoms in most cases, some people benefit from systemic treatments or even dedicated treatment to improve the overall healthy and hygiene of the eyelids and surface of the eye. 



What are floaters?

Floaters are related to the natural movement and changes of the vitreous gel in the back of the eye. It is normal to develop more floaters as you age. You can also be more symptomatic during times of stress and intense concentration or focus. 



What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a hereditary disease of the retina characterized by deposits in the macula (or central part of the retina) that causes vision loss. In certain situations eye vitamins may be beneficial in preventing progression of the disease.