DIABETIC EYE EXAMS

How does diabetes affect the eye?

Diabetes creates inflammation in the eye which can cause different things in the eyes. 

Making sure your blood sugars are controlled is the best way to prevent diabetic eye disease. 

 

Dr. Gupta works closely with specialists who may be needed for certain treatments such as injections in the eye. She also makes sure to communicate directly with your primary care physician and/or endocrinologist to best manage your diabetes.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy describes the effects of diabetes on the retina, a thin tissue-like layer that lines the back wall of the eye. Findings include, but are not limited to bleeding, swelling (macular edema), and even retinal detachments.

NORMAL RETINA

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DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

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MACULA

RETINAL BLOOD VESSELS

OPTIC NERVE

ABNORMAL BLOOD VESSELS

EXUDATES

BLEEDING

How is diabetic eye disease treated?

Treatment depends on your particular findings and symptoms and may include: 

DIABETIC RETINOPATHY - laser treatments, injections into the eye 

MACULAR EDEMA - injections into the eye, sometimes eye drops 

CATARACTS - managed similarly to traditional age-related cataracts. Cataract surgery can be performed in the sugars are controlled. 

DRY EYE - managed similarly to dry eye in other patients. Prescription eye drops or punctal plugs may be more helpful than over the counter artificial tear drops.

How often should I have an exam to look for diabetic eye disease?

If there is no evidence of diabetic retinopathy you should have a comprehensive, dilated exam once a year. 
If there are signs of diabetic eye disease, the frequency of eye exams depends on the severity of the findings and can range from every month to every couple of months.

Call today to schedule your diabetic eye exam!